The new penalty kick rule (1902)

September 13, 1902
A big alteration with regard to the penalty kick comes into force this season. Hitherto a penalty kick has been given for such offences as kicking, tripping, or handling the ball, no matter where it occurred, within the prescribed distance of twelve yards from the goal line.

The penalty being considered too severe, the International Board have now decided to limit the space where an infringement entails a penalty kick to an area immediately in front of the goal. This space is to be marked, by lines eighteen yards from each goal post, at right angles to the goal line, connected by a line 18 yards from and parallel to the goal line.
(Sunderland Daily Echo: September 13, 1902)